NonGovernmental Organisations

The general perception of international treaties and international organizations is that they give more importance to capitalistic enterprises. In an effort to correct this trend, international NGOs have started to highlight issues such as sustainable development, humanitarian issues, and developmental aid. A well-known case is the World Social Forum which is a rival conference to the World Economic Forum. One can clearly observe three distinct stages in the development of NGOs since 1945. In the first stage, NGOs concentrated on relief and welfare. examples are delivery of shelter, food or health services. In the second stage, they focused on self-reliant, small scale local development. In the last stage, their attention shifted to striving hard to modify policies at local, national and at the international level. NGOs play a crucial role in international development and these organizations have experienced tremendous growth since1975. In 1992, they raised around $ 7.6 billion of aid to third world countries.

Their main objective is to plan and execute development related projects. The World Bank divides them into three groups: Community-Based Organisations (CBOs), whose main purpose is to serve a specific population in a small area, National organizations, which are active in developing countries. and International organizations, which are based on developed countries and perform operations in developing countries. (Categorizing NGOs. World Bank Criteria: NGO World Bank Collaboration). In the 1970s and 80s, World Bank mainly associated with international NGOs to carry out the developmental work in third world countries but recently there are lots of changes that have taken place in World Bank policies. World Bank, now, mainly associated with community-based organizations for developmental activities in third world countries.

Community-Based Organisations (CBOs), which are also called grass-root organizations or&nbsp.people’s organizations, are different in character and purpose from other governmental organizations. CBOs are, generally, ‘membership’ organizations consisting of a group of individuals, they have come together to promote their own interests (E.g.: cooperatives, youth clubs, etc), while international and national organizations are ‘intermediary’ NGOs which are formed to serve others.&nbsp.