How did the modern states of Iraq Syria Jordan and Lebanon come into being and what role did Britain and France play in their formation

History How did the modern s of Iraq, Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon come into being and the role of British and France in the formation of these states By 1920, France and Britain had reached an agreement at San Remo. The agreement in this case was how former Arab regions of the non-operational Ottoman Empire would be separated, with the main reason for this being those related to communications and oil. The progression of the battle had brought an ultimate strategic importance of oil in which the British had total control over in Iran1. Going by the Sykes-Picot agreement, which had been signed during the war by France and Britain, the British took control of almost the entire Ottoman Mesopotamia, which is the modern day Iraq. On the other hand, the French controlled Ottoman Syria now the modern Syria2. With the formation of these territories after the war, the French and the British took over them and ensured that they became formal by the League of Nations systems of mandate. In this case, the French were assigned the Syria mandate by 19233. The mandate included the present-day Lebanon and the modern Syria. On its part, the British got Southern Iran and Jordan from Baghdad to Basra. However, the French later on gave up the Northern part of Iran in exchange for oil revenues at 2 percent. Through the mandate created, it is quite evident that France and Britain played significant roles in the formation of the modern Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan after the war. The drawing of the four states was primarily based on the exploitation of diverse sectarian make up. BibliographyÁgoston, Gábor, and Bruce Alan Masters. 2009. Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.Etheredge, Laura. 2011. Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. New York, N.Y.: Britannica Educational Pub. in association with Rosen Educational Services.Toffolo, Cris E. 2008. The Arab League. New York: Infobase Pub.