Cost and Benefits of Inward Labour Migration to the United Kingdom

This paper illustrates that the native population becomes hostile because they have to compete for the minimal jobs opportunities with the immigrants. In addition, an increase of immigrants leads to a restrained growth of labor cost. As for the current policy towards labor migration in the UK, it was noted that currently these police aim at discouraging labor migration to the UK, and so far the policies have been able to decrease the number of net migration to the UK. Firstly, Hatton and Tani defined immigration as the process of going to live in a foreign country permanently. Secondly, immigrants are persons who go to live permanently in a foreign country. It is of an essence to acknowledge that there are cases of illegal immigration in the United Kingdom and the European region at large, but this present study will mainly ignore the existence of illegal immigrants in the UK. Greenaway and Nelson stated that inward labor migration to the United Kingdom has been facilitated by globalization, which encourages the movement of labor from one region to another. In particular, as of 2010, immigrants in the UK made up ten percent of the entire UK population and currently, the number of international immigrants to the UK stands at 250,000. The Institute for Public Policy Research noted that the UK authorities try to control immigration into the country using a Point Based System that rationalizes the control of immigration. The system has five tiers that include highly qualified personnel, skilled personnel with job offers in the UK, students, and temporary employees. However, the tier for less qualified personnel was recently suspended. It is crucial to note that immigrants are motivated to migrate to foreign countries mainly because of prospects or possibilities of getting high paying jobs, and favorable tax and welfare systems in the foreign countries. Secondly, immigrants are motivated to migrate into foreign countries because of non-financial reasons that include better living standards in the foreign country, opportunities to study in the foreign countries, or an opportunity to rejoin other family members residing in the foreign countries