Family violence is not only a problematical social dilemma. the myriad of issues involving therapy for persons that employ physical hostilities and emotional abuses towards those that should be among those closest to them, their family, remains largely uncertain and very controversial within the professional community. Experts in this therapeutic field are not of similar opinion regarding the most viable approach in treatment methods for those who seek out assistance when their domestic problems involve issues of violence in the home. In addition, there are few guidelines with respect to the treatment of couples in a conjoined session environment when the issue is violence within that relationship. Because the objective of family therapy is for not only the therapist but the participants to acquire knowledge in an effort to attain understanding between all parties concerned, this paper recommends a constructionist viewpoint rather than a positive approach. .
Simply stated, positivism contends that violent behaviors are absolute and deterministic in nature while constructivism believes these adverse behaviors are voluntary, subjective and relative. “The positivist approach to research is based on empiricism and the belief that knowledge is derived from sensory experience and hypothesis testing… focusing on observable truths rather than reasoned deductions or metaphysical speculation” (Alvesson &. Skoldberg, 2000). The fundamental supposition of the positivist viewpoint is that systematic, scientific scrutinization will ultimately realize an accurate and precise knowledge of the situation. Historically speaking, this empirical perception secured popularity and support when the metaphysical ideologies of reality, which had been largely adopted by church teachings, were being questioned.