number Behavioral Explanation Having a stimulus that determines how an organism performs and learns behavior is a vital part of operant and component of health. In this case, an antecedent stimulus occurs prior to habit formation and determines when habits will be taken care of through the profile associated with antecedent stimuli. In methodical terms, it is referred to as the stimulus command. Antecedent stimuli have the ability to keep habits (Payne et al 701). The kind of antecedent stimuli liable for sustaining given habits is called discriminative stimuli. However, some forms of antecedent command cannot be swayed such as genetics, breed inclinations, neurological factors, inherited features and behavioral thresholds.nbsp.This paper outlines behavioral explanation associated with the antecedent stimulus.
Behavior Observation/Description
The following is an example of positive reinforcement presented in everyday experience:
Janet enforced using a token economy. When she tracks a command, she earns a point. At the end of each day, she can ‘purchase’ privileges with her points. When she misbehaves or fails to follow a command, she loses points. Janet used to call her mom names. Since she has been on the point system, her verbal abuse has been reduced to almost zero.
Analysis:
What habits have been improved? The elimination of verbal abuse.
Was these habits heightened or weakened? Weakened because it eliminates positive and negative reinforcement.
The result of the concept? Losing points
Was this result extra or even deducted? Deducted
Concept Identification
In behavioral psychology, support can be a result that may bolster a foreseeable future behavior of great organisms when behavior is preceded by specific antecedent stimulus. The strengthening impact could be assessed like a larger volume connected with behavior, more time length, better magnitude, or perhaps reduced latency.
In many occasions, reinforcing stimulus can be a gratifying stimulus valued or perhaps liked because of the person, but might not assist the individual in psychological responses. Therefore, support does not involve an individual’s impression elicited because of the stimulus. Moreover, stimulus that is rewarding or perhaps liked does not reinforce psychological responses. In the case of Janet, the reward system of tokens was the stimulus for good behavior. Thus, the reward system serves as a model of positive reinforcement.
Explanation
In most cases, reinforcement indicates a great advancement connected with behavior or memory. The advancement in behavior or memory is called post-training support where a stimulus is offered after pursuing a training program.
The antecedent situations swayed by trainers are called establishing operations. This includes reinforced sampling, usage of discriminative stimuli and conditioned stimuli. An establishing operation (EO) acts as a motivational antecedent that has an impact on the scope of a particular outcome. In return, either reinforcer or punisher strengthens or damages the habits that antecedent stimuli use (Payne et al 700). In the case above, the reward system was the motivational antecedent that offers particular impact on the case study (Janet). An EO is an ‘environmental function or stimulus problem that influences an affected person. The influence momentarily changes the reinforcing efficiency associated with some other situations or the consistency associated with incident of their area of the organisms repertoire. Thus, individuals are able see the penalties associated with different situations (Cacioppo amp. Freberg, 124). That is why the discriminative stimulus was the cashing of tokens for privileges while the conditioned stimuli is the receiving or taking away of the tokens to favor or disapprove behavior.
Work Cited
Cacioppo, J amp. Freberg, L. Discovering Psychology: The Science of Mind. Belmont: Cengage Learning. 2002. Print.
Payne, Steven W amp. Claudia L. Dozier. Positive reinforcement as treatment for problem behavior maintained by negative reinforcement.nbsp.Journal of applied behavior analysisnbsp.46.3 (2013): 699-703.