A randomized study of computerized working memory training and effects on functioning in everyday life for patients with brain injury

Brain injuries can trigger deficits in working memory and attention. This has been noted to usually result in impairment to social functioning and vocational performance. This paper will seek to identify the fundamental issues surrounding brain injury and the effect that brain injury has on the working memory of the affected individual. To achieve its objectives, the paper will conduct a qualitative analysis of the results of a number of research studies examining this particular subject matter. Whereas some studies suggest that computerized working memory is largely ineffective, this research paper will show that computerized working memory training is effective in improving the functioning of everyday life for individuals suffering from brain injuries.
According to Dikmen (2009), traumatic brain injury is regarded as being of major public health significance as it affects an estimated almost 1.6 million individuals across the United States each year. Of these people, about 125,000 are disabled 1 year after injury, 50,000 die and about 290,000 are hospitalized. It also estimated that more than 1.2 million are seen in emergency departments while countless others are assessed by emergency response personnel, evaluated in physician’s offices or happen to go untreated. According to the CDC, the total life time cost for the treatment of mild traumatic brain injury stood at $16.7 billion as at 1995. Cognitive problems are identified as being a common result of traumatic brain injuries and this can normally affect working memory function such as language functions as well as cause severe difficult attention difficulties.
In daily life people often use their working memory to aid them in remembering instructions and plans of what they are supposed to do next. Of note is that keeping this information online is considered to be a very basic function and over time, this function has undoubtedly proven to be of central importance in the